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(The God and the Goddess)
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[[File:Pentacle.png|thumb|190px|The pentacle, a prominent symbol in Wicca]]'''Wicca '''is a [[Paganism (contemporary)|Neopagan]] [[Witchcraft|witchcraft]] religion that emerged in Europe in the second half of the 20th century. Wiccans view nature as very sacred and believe in using its powers to enhance the lives for themselves and others. In Wicca, there are two major deities that are revered: the [[Horned God|God]] and the [[Mother goddess|Goddess]] who are two equal halves to a larger Godhead, which Wiccans view similar to the yin yang in Chinese philosophy. Wiccans have a code of ethics known as the [[Wiccan Rede|Rede ]]which teaches them that one can do what they want, as long as they are not harming anyone. Wicca invloves the ritual practice of magic.
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'''Wicca '''is a modern pagan witchcraft religion. Wiccans belive in using benign witchcraft and the healing powers of herbs and whose central deity is a mother goddess and her consort god. Wicca was first introduced to the public in 1954 by Gerald Gardener after the appeal of witchcraft in England in 1951. The religion was popularized during the 1970s and since has been growing and gaining quite a few adherents.
==Terminology==
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==Etymology==
The word "wicca" comes from the Anglo-Saxon word meaning "to bend". In Old English, the word "wicca" was used to refer to a male sorcerer or a male witch.
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The word "wicca" comes from the Anglo-Saxton word "wicce", which means "to bend". It has also been translated from other various languages meaning "wise". The word "witch" comes from the word "wiċċe".
 
In popular culture, as seen on TV programs like ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buffy_the_Vampire_Slayer_(TV_series) Buffy the Vampire Slayer]'', tends to use words like "Wicca" and "Wiccan" as completely synonymous with the terms "witch" and "witchcraft" respectively.
 
 
==Beliefs==
 
==Beliefs==
Beliefs vary markedly between different traditions and individual practitioners. However, various commonalities exist between these disparate groups, which usually include views on theology, the afterlife, magic and morality.
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Wiccans have a wide variety of beliefs. Wicca has no set dogma of beliefs that a believer must follow, therefore beliefs can vary from Wiccan to Wiccan.
 
===Theology===
 
===Theology===
''Main article: [[Wiccan views on dieity]]''
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Wicca is a duotheistic religion, believing two major deities: The Triple Goddess, associated with the moon and earth, and the Horned God, associated with the sky, sun and hunting. Wiccans also revere other deities (creating controversy that Wicca is a polytheistic religion) that were primarily worshiped in ancient Greece and Rome, in other words, deities that were worshiped before the birth of Christianity.
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===Afterlife===
Wiccan views on theology are numerous and varied and there is no universally agreed-upon religious canon, but Wicca is traditionally a duotheistic religion that venerates both a "[[Triple Goddess]]" associated with the Moon and stars and fate, and a [[Horned God]] associated with forests and animals and the realm beyond death. These two deities are variously understood through the frameworks of pantheism (as being dual aspects of a single godhead), duotheism (as being two polar opposites), hard polytheism (being two distinct deities in a larger pantheon which includes other pagan gods) or soft polytheism (being composed of many lesser deities). In some pantheistic and duotheistic conceptions, deities from diverse cultures may be seen as aspects of the Goddess or God. However, there are also other theological viewpoints to be found within the Craft, including monotheism the concept that there is just one deity, which is seen by some, such as Dianic Wicca, as being the Goddess, whilst by others, like the Church and School of Wicca, as instead being genderless. There are other Wiccans who are atheists or agnostics, not believing in any actual deity, but instead viewing the gods as psychological archetypes of the human mind which can be evoked and interacted with.
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Many Wiccans hold the belief in reincarnation. Some believe that the soul will reincarnate many times unti they have learned a specific lesson and evolve spiritually. A popular saying with Wiccans is "once a witch, always a witch", meaning that they may have had past lifes as witches.
   
According to the Witches Janet and Stweart Farrar, who held a pantheistic, duotheistic and animistic view of theology, Wiccans "regard the whole cosmos as alive, both as a whole and in all of its parts", but that "such an organic view of the cosmos cannot be fully expressed, and lived, without the concept of the God and Goddess. There is no manifestation without polarisation; so at the highest creative level, that of Divinity, the polarisation must be the clearest and most powerful of all, reflecting and spreading itself through all the microcosmic levels as well".
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Typically, Wiccans who believe in reincarnation believe that the soul rests in the Summerlands in-between lives. During this period, the spirit can be contacted through mediums such as seances, ouija boards, and spirit mediums. Another belief is that in-between lives, the spirit will reflect on its previous life and it's memories from that life will be erased and then reborn.
===Duotheism===
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===Magic===
Wicca is traditionally and primarily a religion centred upon the idea of gender polarity and the worship of a Moon Goddess and a [[Horned God]]. (This core theology was originally described by Gerald Gardner, the founder of the religion; and Doreen Valiente, who wrote much of the original liturgical materials.) The Goddess and the God may be regarded as the Divine Feminine and the Divine Masculine. They are complementary opposites or dualities, bearing similarities to the concept of yin and yang in Taoism. The God and Goddess are generally seen as lovers and equals, the Divine Couple who together co-create the cosmos.
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Many Wiccans belive in magic. Aleister Crowley, who spelled it "magick" to make it different from stage magic, defined magic as "the science and art of causing change to occur in conformity with will". Wiccans belive that magic can only be used to effect objects by which that object can already be effected by nature. Magic by itself is neither good nor bad, but it is the witch that makes black or white magic. White magic is typically seen as healing or positive magic, while black magic is seen as selfish and evil. In a Wiccan code of ethics known as the Wiccan Rede, magic used to harm other is forbidden. In the old covens, Wiccans who betrayed the Wiccan Rede and used harmful magic were considered "warlocks" (now a term for "male witch" in the media).
==The God and the Goddess==
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[[Category:Religion]]
The God and the Goddess are two prominent deities in the [[Wicca|Wiccan]] religion. They are seen as the male and female aspects of a larger Godhead, which is called ''The One.''
 
The God is believed to be represented by the sky and the sun, while the Goddess is represented by the earth and the moon, giving them alternative names like "Earth Mother and Sky Father". All other male deities (e.g. Zeus, Osiris, Pan) are aspects of the God, while all female deities (e.g. Hecate, Isis, Ishtar) are aspects of the Goddess.
 

Latest revision as of 00:36, November 27, 2013

Wicca is a modern pagan witchcraft religion. Wiccans belive in using benign witchcraft and the healing powers of herbs and whose central deity is a mother goddess and her consort god. Wicca was first introduced to the public in 1954 by Gerald Gardener after the appeal of witchcraft in England in 1951. The religion was popularized during the 1970s and since has been growing and gaining quite a few adherents.

EtymologyEdit

The word "wicca" comes from the Anglo-Saxton word "wicce", which means "to bend". It has also been translated from other various languages meaning "wise". The word "witch" comes from the word "wiċċe".

BeliefsEdit

Wiccans have a wide variety of beliefs. Wicca has no set dogma of beliefs that a believer must follow, therefore beliefs can vary from Wiccan to Wiccan.

TheologyEdit

Wicca is a duotheistic religion, believing two major deities: The Triple Goddess, associated with the moon and earth, and the Horned God, associated with the sky, sun and hunting. Wiccans also revere other deities (creating controversy that Wicca is a polytheistic religion) that were primarily worshiped in ancient Greece and Rome, in other words, deities that were worshiped before the birth of Christianity.

AfterlifeEdit

Many Wiccans hold the belief in reincarnation. Some believe that the soul will reincarnate many times unti they have learned a specific lesson and evolve spiritually. A popular saying with Wiccans is "once a witch, always a witch", meaning that they may have had past lifes as witches.

Typically, Wiccans who believe in reincarnation believe that the soul rests in the Summerlands in-between lives. During this period, the spirit can be contacted through mediums such as seances, ouija boards, and spirit mediums. Another belief is that in-between lives, the spirit will reflect on its previous life and it's memories from that life will be erased and then reborn.

MagicEdit

Many Wiccans belive in magic. Aleister Crowley, who spelled it "magick" to make it different from stage magic, defined magic as "the science and art of causing change to occur in conformity with will". Wiccans belive that magic can only be used to effect objects by which that object can already be effected by nature. Magic by itself is neither good nor bad, but it is the witch that makes black or white magic. White magic is typically seen as healing or positive magic, while black magic is seen as selfish and evil. In a Wiccan code of ethics known as the Wiccan Rede, magic used to harm other is forbidden. In the old covens, Wiccans who betrayed the Wiccan Rede and used harmful magic were considered "warlocks" (now a term for "male witch" in the media).

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